According to several studies conducted in the last few years, cyber attacks on vital infrastructures such as electrical grids and water distribution systems have escalated

The evolution of computer-based management systems has improved the reliability and quality of water services, but on the other hand has increased the relevant risks and, either because targeted or accidental, IT/OT security events could lead to disruption in the water supply

A successful attack could cause major damage, resulting in long periods of operational downtime, financial losses and most importantly, even a threat to public safety

This is in fact what happened in a water utility where its computers were compromised and the hackers tampered the levels of chemicals used to treat tap water